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Dr. Joan M. Ogden

A report for the International Energy Agency
Agreement on the Production and Utilization of Hydrogen
Task 16, Hydrogen from Carbon-Containing Materials


This report to the International Energy Agency (IEA) reviews technical options for small-scale production of hydrogen via reforming of natural gas or liquid fuels. The focus is on small
stationary systems that produce pure hydrogen at refueling stations for hydrogen-fueled vehicles. Small reformer-based hydrogen production systems are commercially available from
several vendors. In addition, a variety of small-scale reformer technologies are currently being developed as components of fuel cell systems (for example, natural gas reformers coupled to phosphoric acid or proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PAFC or PEMFC) cogeneration systems, and onboard fuel processors for methanol and gasoline fuel cell vehicles). Although fuel cell reformers are typically designed to produce a reformate gas containing 40%-70% hydrogen, rather than pure hydrogen, in many cases they could be readily adapted to pure hydrogen production with the addition of purification stages.


Link to this paper at :


One Comment

  1. I read this paragraph completely regarding the resemblance of hottest and preceding technologies, it’s amazing article.

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